Relationships between position, velocity, acceleration, and time are studied. This lab focuses on the one dimensional case where each quantity can be considered as a scalar. Acceleration is taken to be constant while the mass varies.
Newton's 1st Law is investigated. The apparatus consists of a force table, and a set of movable pulleys with weights. A string is attached to a small ring at the top of the table which is centered with a pin.
Students will investigate the principle of momentum conservation by studying collisions in one dimension using two bodies/ gliders. Energy conservation will also be explored by analyzing elastic and inelastic collisions.
In this experiment students measure the speed of a projectile by a kinematic method and also by the use of a ballistic pendulum. The latter method illustrates the use of conservation of energy and momentum.
To investigate the relationship between torque, moment of inertia, and angular acceleration for a human arm. Bicep force vs mass, triceps extension, and rotational inertia of the forearm will be observed.
In this experiment, free and forced oscillations of a string are studied. The free oscillations of a string fixed at both ends are investigated by driving the string very weakly with a force that varies sinusoidally with time. It will be assumed that the coupling is so weak that the free vibrations are unaffected by the driving force. The forced vibrations of a string fixed at one end and driven at the other end are also studied.