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Ashkin, A., Dziedzic, J. M., Bjorkholm, J. E., and Chu, S.
Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles.
Opt. Lett. 11(5), 288-290 (1986).

Dufresne, E. R. and Grier, D. G.
Optical tweezer arrays and optical substrates created with diffractive optical elements.
Rev. Sci. Instr. 69(5), 1974-1977 (1998).

Dufresne, E. R., Spalding, G. C., Dearing, M. T., Sheets, S. A., and Grier, D. G.
Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays.
Rev. Sci. Instr. in press (2000).

Grier, D. G. and Dufresne, E. R.
Apparatus for applying optical gradient forces.
U. S. Patent 6,055,106 (2000).

David G. Grier 2000-11-16